Charles E


 Born in St. Louis, he started his studies in archi-tecture at Washington university. In 1936, he won a scholarship at Cranbrook Academy of Arts, Michigan, later to become a teacher there. Among his colleagues were Harry Bertoia, Eero Saarinen and Ray Kaiser whom he married in 1941. During the Second World War, the Eameses were com-missioned by the US Navy to design and produce polywood splints and litters. For this project they developed a new method of bending polywood over three geometric planes into complex curves. From 1939 to 1940 he worked  in the architect’s studio of Eliel Saarinen. In 1940, Eames designed, in collaboration with Eero Saarinen, the winning entry for the Museum of Modern Arts organised by MoMA New York “Organic Design in Home Furnishings” competition. In 1946, Eames had his first individual exhibition “New Furniture by Charles Eames”. Later in 1948, Eames won second prize at the museum’s “International Competition for Low-Cost Furniture Design” for his innovative proposal of a series of moulded fiberglass chairs designed for mass-production. In collaboration with his wife Ray, Eames worked closely with the manufacturer Herman Miller, creating highly innovative and rational furniture in the 50’s. Later the Eames concentrated on desi-gning spots for films, toys, photography and exhi-bition - for the US government and IBM.

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